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Spread Spectrum:

Tim Shepard, KD1KY


Decentralized Channel Management in Scalable Multihop Spread Spectrum Packet Networks


    This thesis addresses the problems of managing the transmissions of stations in a spread-spectrum packet radio network so that the system can remain e ective when scaled to millions of nodes concentrated in a metropolitan area. The principal difficulty in scaling a system of packet radio stations is interference from other stations in the system. Interference comes both from nearby stations and from distant stations. Each nearby interfering station is a particular problem, because a signal received from it may be as strong as or stronger than the desired signal from some other station. Far interfering stations are not individually a problem, since each of their signals will be weaker, but the combined e ect may be the dominant source of interference. The thesis begins with an analysis of propagation and interference models. The overall noise level in the system (mainly caused by the many distant stations) is then analyzed, and found to remain manageable even as the system scales to billions of nodes. A scheme for designing a scalable packet radio network is then presented. Included is a method of scheduling packet transmissions to avoid collisions (caused by interference from nearby stations) without the need for global coordination or synchronization. Simulations of a system of one thousand stations are used to verify and illustrate the methods used. A method of choosing routes (minimum-energy routes) is demonstrated in simulation to produce a fully connected and functional network for one hundred and one thousand randomly placed stations. Unfortunately, congestion as the system scales is unavoidable if the tra c is not limited to some degree of locality. If tra c is limited to a few hops, then for a large system the techniques presented in this thesis are superior to ideal time division multiplexing of a clear channel.

    Decentralized Channel Mgmt in Scalable Multihop SS Packet Networks (1.9M)

Audio from ARRL and TAPR 1998 Digital Communications Conference
Packet Radio Networks with Millions or Billions of Stations

A Channel Access Scheme for Large Dense Packet Radio Networks (342K)

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